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These disorders refer to the gastrointestinal symptoms such as heartburn or bloating without specific organic lesions in the stomach or duodenum found by examination. Functional gastrointestinal disorders can occur at any age, but they are common in young women. Although they have various diagnostic names such as gastric pneumothorax, neurogenic gastritis, indigestion, and irritable bowel syndrome, the term functional gastrointestinal disorder is most correct because it refers to a malfunction of the digestive system without organic lesions.
Heartburn and pain are the most common symptoms, and there are various other symptoms such as full stomach, bloating, frequent belching, nausea, vomiting, indigestion, epigastric discomfort after eating, and epigastric pain on an empty stomach.
Risk Factors
Its diagnosis can be confirmed when there are gastrointestinal symptoms but no abnormal lesions are shown on endoscopy. Although the cause is not yet known, the gastrointestinal system is controlled by the autonomic nervous system, and it is known that various stresses and emotional problems stimulate the nervous system to cause gastrointestinal disorders. Therefore, emotional aspects such as stress, depression, and anxiety can exacerbate various symptoms, and other stimulant foods, coffee, cola, and alcohol can also be the causes. These functional gastrointestinal disorders occur 2.5 times more often in women with sensitive nerves than in men.
The most important thing is relieving mental problems, through managing stress on your own, and maintaining your physical condition with appropriate exercises. It is best to avoid foods, coffee, and alcohol that can worsen other symptoms. In severe cases, digestive drugs, antacids, ulcer medications, and medications for pain relief may be helpful.
These people definitely need a gastrointestinal endoscopy.
If you have symptoms such as heartburn, postprandial discomfort in the upper abdomen, chest pain, indigestion, abnormal body sensation in the esophagus, and difficulty in swallowing, if you need re-examination after having previously treated for a gastric or duodenal ulcer, if you need periodic check-ups after gastrectomy, and if you are a man over 40 years of age or a woman aged 45 years or older, endoscopy at least once a year is essential for early detection of gastric cancer and other diseases, even if there are no specific symptoms.