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The uterus is largely divided into the body, which is the body of the uterus, and the cervix, which is the entrance to the vagina. The inside of the uterus is the endometrium, where menstrual blood is produced, and cancer can occur in all three places. Among them, cervical cancer is the most common and accounts for 90% of uterine cancer cases. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), it is the second most common cancer in women worldwide, with an estimated 500,000 new cases of cervical cancer each year.
Risk Factors
Like all other cancers, the exact causes of uterine cancer are not yet clear, but it is known to be related to human papillomavirus infection, and a vaccine to prevent this virus infection has recently been released.
Therefore, periodic check-ups are important, especially for women infected with human papillomavirus (papiloma virus), women with many sexual partners, and women who have had sexual relationships from a young age. Long-term use of estrogen also can increase the risk of endometrial cancer in women.
It’s usually too late to treat after symptoms appear, so regular check-ups are absolutely necessary. If there is bleeding after menopause, there is a possibility of endometrial cancer. A vaginal cytology, which collects cells from the cervix, is the most basic procedure to detect the cancer, and colposcopy is also helpful. If there is an abnormality in a cytology or colposcopy or if there is a high suspicion of cancer, a cervical biopsy should be conducted immediately. A vaginal ultrasound is used to determine if there is a lump inside.