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Between the esophagus and the stomach, there is a muscle called the sphincters, which tighten the entrance to the stomach and prevent gastric acid from passing into the esophagus. When the sphincters weaken or open improperly, gastric juice refluxes into the esophagus, and when acid reflux into the esophagus, it causes symptoms such as gastroesophageal reflux disease, laryngitis, and asthma. This is called gastroesophageal reflux disease.
The most common symptom is heartburn, which refers to a stinging and painful sensation in the stomach area after eating.
· Endoscopy and Biopsy
The endoscopy is used to examine whether the esophageal mucosa is damaged by acid reflux, and if necessary, tissue is collected with a biopsy forcep.
· Esophageal manometry & 24-hour ambulatory esophageal pH test
For many patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease, their endoscopy results are normal. If the endoscopy is normal, these tests can be performed additionally.
· To reduce gastroesophageal reflux, it is helpful to make the following dietary changes.
Do not consume foods or drinks that may weaken the lower esophageal sphincters. (Alcohol, coffee, soda, fried food, oily food, chocolate, ketchup, mustard, anti-inflammatory such as aspirin)